Electrochemical Properties and Electrode Reversibility Studies of Palm Shell Activated Carbon for Heavy Metal Removal

Maarof, Hawaiah Imam and Ajeel, Mohammed A. and Daud, Wan Mohd Ashri Wan and Aroua, Mohamed Kheireddine (2017) Electrochemical Properties and Electrode Reversibility Studies of Palm Shell Activated Carbon for Heavy Metal Removal. Electrochimica Acta, 249. pp. 96-103. ISSN 0013-4686

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Abstract

The feasibility of palm shell activated carbon (PSAC) as an electrode for the purpose of wastewater treatment was studied for the first time using a common redox probe, Fe(CN)6 4−/Fe(CN)6 3− in 0.5 NaCl as the supporting electrolyte. Before the electrode reaction studies, the most suitable supporting electrolyte and the optimum percentage of carbon black (CB) was determined. This study reveals that the redox process was quasi-reversible while both PSAC electrodes with 20% and 30% CB showed a relatively low electron transfer resistance. A large background current due to capacitance was observed due to the porous characteristics of the PSAC electrode. A PSAC electrode with a 2 cm diameter was found to successfully remove 97% of Hg2+ from an initial concentration of 100 ppm after 3 hours of electrochemical treatment. Overall, this study proved that PSAC is a promising electrode material to remove metal ion from wastewater.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Electrochimica Acta
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600/1603
Subjects:
ID Code:
125599
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
29 May 2018 08:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
03 Nov 2020 07:08