Executive function and emotional focus in autobiographical memory specificity in older adults

Holland, Carol Ann and Ridout, Nathan and Walford, Edward and Geraghty, Jennifer (2012) Executive function and emotional focus in autobiographical memory specificity in older adults. Memory, 20 (8). pp. 779-793. ISSN 0965-8211

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Abstract

The current study examined the role of executive function in retrieval of specific autobiographical memories in older adults with regard to control of emotion during retrieval. Older and younger adults retrieved memories of specific events in response to emotionally positive, negative and neutral word cues. Contributions of inhibitory and updating elements of executive function to variance in autobiographical specificity were assessed to determine processes involved in the commonly found age-related reduction in specificity. A negative relationship between age and specificity was only found in retrieval to neutral cues. Alternative explanations of this age preservation of specificity of emotional recall are explored, within the context of control of emotion in the self-memory system and preserved emotional processing and positivity effect in older adults. The pattern of relationships suggests updating, rather than inhibition, as the source of age-related reduction in specificity, but that emotional processing (particularly of positively valenced memories) is not influenced by age-related variance in executive control. The tendency of older adults to focus on positive material may thus act as a buffer against detrimental effects of reduced executive function capacity on autobiographical retrieval, representing a possible target for interventions to improve specificity of autobiographical memory retrieval in older adults. Keywords: Autobiographical memory, Executive function, Older adults, Emotion processing

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Memory
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 125345
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 21 May 2018 13:26
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2020 11:21
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/125345

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