Fat-associated lymphoid clusters control local IgM secretion during pleural infection and lung inflammation

Jackson-Jones, Lucy H and Duncan, Sheelagh M and Magalhaes, Marlène S and Campbell, Sharon M and Maizels, Rick M and McSorley, Henry J and Allen, Judith E and Bénézech, Cécile (2016) Fat-associated lymphoid clusters control local IgM secretion during pleural infection and lung inflammation. Nature Communications, 7. ISSN 2041-1723

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Abstract

Fat-associated lymphoid clusters (FALC) are inducible structures that support rapid innate-like B-cell immune responses in the serous cavities. Little is known about the physiological cues that activate FALCs in the pleural cavity and more generally the mechanisms controlling B-cell activation in FALCs. Here we show, using separate models of pleural nematode infection with Litomosoides sigmodontis and Altenaria alternata induced acute lung inflammation, that inflammation of the pleural cavity rapidly activates mediastinal and pericardial FALCs. IL-33 produced by FALC stroma is crucial for pleural B1-cell activation and local IgM secretion. However, B1 cells are not the direct target of IL-33, which instead requires IL-5 for activation. Moreover, lung inflammation leads to increased IL-5 production by type 2 cytokine-producing innate lymphoid cells (ILC2) in the FALC. These findings reveal a link between inflammation, IL-33 release by FALC stromal cells, ILC2 activation and pleural B-cell activation in FALCs, resulting in local and antigen-specific IgM production.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Nature Communications
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100
Subjects:
ID Code:
125021
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 May 2018 15:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
10 Sep 2020 04:17