Study of temperature wave propagation in superfluid helium focusing on radio-frequency cavity cooling

Koettig, T. and Peters, B. J. and Avellino, S. and Junginger, T. and Bremer, J. (2015) Study of temperature wave propagation in superfluid helium focusing on radio-frequency cavity cooling. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 101 (1). ISSN 1757-8981

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Abstract

Oscillating Superleak Transducers (OSTs) can be used to localize quenches of superconducting radio-frequency cavities. Local hot spots at the cavity surface initiate temperature waves in the surrounding superfluid helium that acts as cooling fluid at typical temperatures in the range of 1.6 K to 2 K. The temperature wave is characterised by the properties of superfluid helium such as the second sound velocity. For high heat load densities second sound velocities greater than the standard literature values are observed. This fast propagation has been verified in dedicated small scale experiments. Resistors were used to simulate the quench spots under controlled conditions. The three dimensional propagation of second sound is linked to OST signals. The aim of this study is to improve the understanding of the OST signal especially the incident angle dependency. The characterised OSTs are used as a tool for quench localisation on a real size cavity. Their sensitivity as well as the time resolution was proven to be superior to temperature sensors glued to the surface of the cavity.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2200
Subjects:
ID Code:
124767
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
20 Apr 2018 13:56
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Jan 2020 11:18