Robustness evaluation and robust design for Proportional-Integral-Plus control

Wilson, Emma Denise and Clairon, Quentin and Henderson, Robin and Taylor, C. James (2019) Robustness evaluation and robust design for Proportional-Integral-Plus control. International Journal of Control, 92 (12). pp. 2939-2951. ISSN 0020-7179

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Proportional-integral-plus (PIP) control provides a logical extension to conventional two or three term (proportional-integral-derivative) industrial control, with additional dynamic feedback and input compensators introduced when the process has second order or higher dynamics, or time-delays. Although PIP control has been applied in a range of engineering applications, evaluation of closed-loop robustness has generally relied on empirical methods. In the present article, expressions for the H-infinity norm of two commonly used PIP control implementations, the feedback and forward path forms, are used, for the first time, to quantify closed-loop robustness. It is shown that the forward path form is not robust for unstable plants. Additional expressions for the H-infinity norm that encompass frequency weightings of generalised disturbance inputs are also determined. Novel analytical expressions to minimise the H-infinity norm are derived for the simplest plant, while simulation results based on numerical optimisation are provided for higher order examples. We show that, for certain plants, there are (non-unique) sets of PIP control gains that minimise the H-infinity norm. The H-2 norm is introduced in these cases to determine the controller that balances performance with robustness. Finally, the H-infinity norm is used as a design parameter for a practical example, namely control of airflow in a 2 m by 1 m by 1 m forced ventilation chamber. The performance of the new PIP H-infinity controller is compared to previously developed PIP controllers based on pole placement and linear quadratic design.

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Journal Article
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International Journal of Control
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17 Apr 2018 15:50
Last Modified:
29 Jul 2020 04:04