Exacerbating Inequalities?:Health policy and the behavioural sciences

MacKay, Kathryn and Quigley, Muireann (2018) Exacerbating Inequalities?:Health policy and the behavioural sciences. Health Care Analysis, 26 (4). pp. 380-397. ISSN 1065-3058

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Abstract

There have been calls for some time for a new approach to public health in the United Kingdom and beyond. This is consequent on the recognition and acceptance that health problems often have a complex and multi-faceted aetiol-ogy. At the same time, policies which utilise insights from research in behavioural economics and psychology (‘behavioural science’) have gained prominence on the political agenda. The relationship between the social determinants of health (SDoH) and behavioural science in health policy has not hitherto been explored. Given the on-going presence of strategies based on findings from behavioural science in pol-icy-making on the political agenda, an examination of this is warranted. This paper begins by looking at the place of the SDoH within public health, before outlining, in brief, the recent drive towards utilising behavioural science to formulate law and public policy. We then examine the relationship between this and the SDoH. We argue that behavioural public health policy is, to a certain extent, blind to the social and other determinants of health. In section three, we examine ways in which such policies may perpetuate and/or exacerbate health inequities and social injustices. We argue that problems in this respect may be compounded by assumptions and practices which are built into some behavioural science methodologies. We also argue that incremental individual gains may not be enough. As such, population-level measures are sometimes necessary. In section four we defend this contention, arguing that an equitable and justifiable public health requires such measures.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Health Care Analysis
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2719
Subjects:
ID Code:
124547
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
12 Apr 2018 10:40
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
30 Sep 2020 07:42