Grammatical gender affects gender perception : Evidence for the structural-feedback hypothesis

Sato, Sayaka and Athanasopoulos, Panos (2018) Grammatical gender affects gender perception : Evidence for the structural-feedback hypothesis. Cognition, 176. pp. 220-231. ISSN 0010-0277

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Two experiments assessed the extent to which grammatical gender provides a predictive basis for bilinguals’ judgments about perceptual gender. In both experiments, French-English bilinguals and native English monolinguals were consecutively presented with images of objects manipulated for their (i) conceptual gender association and (ii) grammatical gender category and were instructed to make a decision on a subsequent target face. The experiments differed in the implicitness of the association between the object primes and target faces. Results revealed that when prior knowledge sources such as conceptual gender can be strategically used to resolve the immediate task (Experiment 1), this information was readily extracted and employed. However, grammatical gender demonstrated a more robust and persisting effect on the bilinguals’ judgments, indicating that the retrieval of obligatory grammatical information is automatic and modulates perceptual judgments (Experiment 2). These results suggest that grammar enables an effective and robust means to access prior knowledge which may be independent of task requirements.

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Journal Article
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This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Cognition. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Cognition, 176, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2018.03.014
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? linguistic relativitybilingualismcategorizationgrammatical genderconceptual genderlinguistics and languagecognitive neuroscienceexperimental and cognitive psychologylanguage and linguistics ??
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23 Apr 2018 10:14
Last Modified:
23 Jul 2024 23:26