Seasonality of vegetation types of South America depicted by moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) time series

Adami, Marcos and Bernardes, Sérgio and Arai, Egidio and Freitas, Ramon M. and Shimabukuro, Yosio E. and Espírito-Santo, Fernando D.B. and Rudorff, Bernardo F.T. and Anderson, Liana O. (2018) Seasonality of vegetation types of South America depicted by moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) time series. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 69. pp. 148-163. ISSN 0303-2434

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Abstract

The development, implementation and enforcement of policies involving the rational use of the land and the conservation of natural resources depend on an adequate characterization and understanding of the land cover, including its dynamics. This paper presents an approach for monitoring vegetation dynamics using high-quality time series of MODIS surface reflectance data by generating fraction images using Linear Spectral Mixing Model (LSMM) over South America continent. The approach uses physically-based fraction images, which highlight target information and reduce data dimensionality. Further dimensionality was also reduced by using the vegetation fraction images as input to a Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The RGB composite of the first three PCA components, accounting for 92.9% of the dataset variability, showed good agreement with the main ecological regions of South America continent. The analysis of 21 temporal profiles of vegetation fraction values and precipitation data over South America showed the ability of vegetation fractions to represent phenological cycles over a variety of environments. Comparisons between vegetation fractions and precipitation data indicated the close relationship between water availability and leaf mass/chlorophyll content for several vegetation types. In addition, phenological changes and disturbance resulting from anthropogenic pressure were identified, particularly those associated with agricultural practices and forest removal. Therefore the proposed method supports the management of natural and non-natural ecosystems, and can contribute to the understanding of key conservation issues in South America, including deforestation, disturbance and fire occurrence and management.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 69, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.jag.2018.02.010
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2308
Subjects:
ID Code:
124290
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
20 Apr 2018 12:44
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Oct 2020 07:55