Estimating propensity scores with missing covariate data using general location mixture models

Mitra, Robin and Reiter, Jerome P. (2009) Estimating propensity scores with missing covariate data using general location mixture models. Working Paper. UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

In many observational studies, researchers estimate causal effects using propensity scores, e.g., by matching or sub-classifying on the scores. Estimation of propensity scores is complicated when some values of the covariates are missing. We propose to use multiple imputation to create completed datasets, from which propensity scores can be estimated, with a general location mixture model. The model assumes that the control units are a latent mixture of (i) units whose covariates are drawn from the same distributions as the treated units? covariates and (ii) units whose covariates are drawn from different distributions. This formulation reduces the influence of control units outside the treated units? region of the covariate space on the estimation of parameters in the imputation model, which can result in more plausible imputations and better balance in the true covariate distributions. We illustrate the benefits of 1 the latent class modeling approach with simulations and with an observational study of the effect of breast feeding on children?s cognitive abilities.

Item Type:
Monograph (Working Paper)
Subjects:
ID Code:
123908
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
08 Mar 2018 11:06
Refereed?:
No
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
10 Sep 2020 23:57