Toroidal dipole excitations in metamolecules formed by interacting plasmonic nanorods

Watson, Derek W. and Jenkins, Stewart D. and Ruostekoski, Janne and Fedotov, Vassili A. and Zheludev, Nikolay I. (2016) Toroidal dipole excitations in metamolecules formed by interacting plasmonic nanorods. Physical review B, 93. ISSN 1550-235X

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We show how the elusive toroidal dipole moment appears as a radiative excitation eigenmode in a metamolecule resonator that is formed by pairs of plasmonic nanorods. We analyze one such nanorod configuration-a toroidal metamolecule. We find that the radiative interactions in the toroidal metamolecule can be qualitatively represented by a theoretical model based on an electric point dipole arrangement. Both a finite-size rod model and the point dipole approximation demonstrate how the toroidal dipole moment is subradiant and difficult to excite by incident light. By means of breaking the geometric symmetry of the metamolecule, the toroidal mode can be excited by linearly polarized light and appears as a Fano resonance dip in the forward scattered light. We provide simple optimization protocols for maximizing the toroidal dipole mode excitation. This opens up possibilities for simplified control and driving of metamaterial arrays consisting of toroidal dipole unit-cell resonators.

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Journal Article
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Physical review B
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26 Feb 2018 14:04
Last Modified:
20 Sep 2023 01:09