Diggle, Peter J. and Knorr-Held, Leo and Rowlingson, Barry and Su, Ting-li and Hawtin, Peter and Bryant, Trevor N. (2004) On-line monitoring of public health surveillance data. In: Monitoring the health of populations : statistical principles and methods for public health surveillance. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 233-266. ISBN 0195146492Full text not available from this repository.
The Ascertainment and Enhancement of Gastrointestinal Infection Surveillance and Statistics (AGEISS) project aims to use spatial statistical methods to identify anomalies in the space-time distribution of nonspecific, gastrointestinal infections in the United Kingdom, using the Southampton area in southern England as a test case. Health-care providers are asked to report incident cases daily. Regionwide incident data are then sent electronically to Lancaster, where a statistical analysis of the space-time distribution of incident cases is updated. The results are then posted to a Web site with tabular, graphical and map-based summaries of the analysis. Here we use the AEGISS project to discuss the methodological issues in developing a rapid-response, spatial surveillance system. We consider simple, exploratory statistical methods together with more sophisticated methods, based on hierarchical space-time stochastic process models defined either at individual or small-area levels. The chapter is a report of work in progress. Currently, the Web-based AEGISS reporting system uses only simple summaries of the incident data, but its ultimate aim is to display the results of formal predictive inference in a hierarchical model of space-time variation in disease risk.
|Item Type:||Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Public health surveillance. Public health surveillance - statistical methods|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > R Medicine (General)|
|Departments:||Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine|
Faculty of Science and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics
|Deposited By:||Mrs Yaling Zhang|
|Deposited On:||19 Jun 2008 12:33|
|Last Modified:||26 Jul 2012 22:18|
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