Lancaster EPrints

Intention to learn influences the word frequency effect in recall but not in recognition memory.

Dewhurst, Steve A. and Brandt, Karen R. and Sharp, Melanie S. (2004) Intention to learn influences the word frequency effect in recall but not in recognition memory. Memory and Cognition, 32 (8). pp. 1316-1325. ISSN 0090-502X

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Watkins, LeCompte, and Kim (2000) suggested that the recall advantage for rare words in mixed lists is due to a compensatory study strategy that favors the rare words. They found the advantage was reversed when rare and common words were studied under incidental learning conditions. The present study investigated the possibility that the rare-word advantage in recognition memory is also the result of a compensatory study strategy. Experiment 1 replicated the findings of Watkins et al. that the rareword advantage in recall is eliminated under incidental learning conditions. In contrast, Experiment 2 showed that the rare-word advantage in recognition memory is maintained under both intentional and incidental learning conditions. Experiment 3 replicated the results of Experiments 1 and 2 using different stimuli and a different orienting task. Finally, Experiment 4 showed that the rare-word advantage in recognition is maintained with pure lists. These findings show that the rare-word advantage in recognition memory is not the result of a compensatory study strategy. Instead, rare words are encoded more distinctively than common words, irrespective of participants' intention to remember them.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Memory and Cognition
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 9674
Deposited By: Mrs Karen Gerrard
Deposited On: 18 Jun 2008 15:53
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 18:40
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/9674

Actions (login required)

View Item