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Phyto-activity of biocides used to manipulate herbivory : tests of three pesticides on fourteen plant species.

Hector, A. and Wilby, Andrew and Latsch, O. and Brown, V. (2004) Phyto-activity of biocides used to manipulate herbivory : tests of three pesticides on fourteen plant species. Basic and Applied Ecology, 5 (4). pp. 313-320. ISSN 1439-1791

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Abstract

1. We tested three pesticides used for field manipulations of herbivory for direct phytoactive effects on the germination and growth of 14 herbaceous plant species selected to provide a range of life-history strategies and functional groups. 2. We report three companion experiments: (A) Two insecticides, chlorpyrifos (granular soil insecticide) and dimethoate (foliar spray), were applied in fully-factorial combination to pot-germinated individuals of 12 species. (B) The same fully-factorial design was used to test for direct effects on the germination of four herbaceous legumes. (C) The molluscicide, metaldehyde, was tested for direct effects on the germination and growth of six plant species. 3. The insecticides had few significant effects on growth and germination. Dimethoate acted only on growth stimulating Anisantha sterilis, Sonchus asper and Stellaria graminea. In contrast, chlorpyrifos acted on germination increasing the germination of Trifolium dubium and Trifolium pratense. There was also a significant interactive effect of chlorpyrifos and dimethoate on the germination of T. pratense. However, all effects were relatively small in magnitude and explanatory power. The molluscicide had no significant effect on plant germination or growth. 4. The small number and size of direct effects of the pesticides on plant performance is encouraging for the use of these pesticides in manipulative experiments on herbivory, especially for the molluscicide. However, a small number of direct (positive) effects of the insecticides on some plant species need to be taken into account when interpreting field manipulations of herbivory with these compounds, and emphasises the importance of conducting tests for direct phyto-active effects.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Basic and Applied Ecology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Herbivory ; Phyto-toxicity ; Phyto-stimulation ; Insecticide ; Molluscicide ; Chlorpyrifos ; Dimethoate ; Metaldehyde ; Dursban
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 9585
Deposited By: Dr Andrew Wilby
Deposited On: 16 Jun 2008 16:09
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 18:39
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/9585

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