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Structure-Activity Relationship of Hydroxamate-Based Inhibitors on the Secretases that Cleave the Amyloid Precursor Protein, Angiotensin Converting Enzyme, CD23, and Pro-Tumor Necrosis Factor.

Parkin, Edward T. and Trew, Alison and Christie, Gary and Faller, Andrew and Mayer, Ruth and Turner, Anthony J. and Hooper, Nigel M. (2002) Structure-Activity Relationship of Hydroxamate-Based Inhibitors on the Secretases that Cleave the Amyloid Precursor Protein, Angiotensin Converting Enzyme, CD23, and Pro-Tumor Necrosis Factor. Biochemistry, 41 (15). pp. 4972-4981. ISSN 0006-2960

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Abstract

Multiple proteins are proteolytically shed from the membrane, including the amyloid precursor protein (APP) involved in Alzheimer's disease, the blood pressure regulating angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), the low affinity IgE receptor CD23, and the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-). The inhibitory effect of a range of hydroxamic acid-based compounds on the secretases involved in cleaving and releasing these four proteins has been examined to build up a structure-activity relationship. Compounds have been identified that can discriminate between TNF- convertase and the other three secretases (compound 15), between the shedding of CD23 and the shedding of APP and ACE (compound 21), and between the secretases and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (compound 22). The structure-activity relationship for the APP -secretase and the ACE secretase were remarkably similar, and both secretases were activated in whole cell systems by the serine proteinase inhibitor 3,4-dichloroisocoumarin. The basal and carbachol-stimulated shedding of APP and ACE from human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells could not be differentiated by any of the hydroxamate compounds, implying that the same or very similar activities are involved in the constitutive and regulated shedding of these two proteins. By utilizing a key discriminatory compound (compound 15) that potently inhibits TNF- convertase but not -secretase, we show that TNF- convertase is not involved in the regulated shedding of APP from human neuronal cells. The compounds reported here will be useful in future studies aimed at identifying and validating candidate secretases.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Biochemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Biomedical & Life Sciences
ID Code: 9452
Deposited By: Dr Edward Parkin
Deposited On: 11 Jun 2008 10:59
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 18:37
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/9452

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