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A role for shoot protein in shoot-root dry matter allocation in higher plants.

Andrews, M. and Raven, J. A. and Lea, P. J. and Sprent, J. I. (2006) A role for shoot protein in shoot-root dry matter allocation in higher plants. Annals of Botany, 97 (1). pp. 3-10. ISSN 1095-8290

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Abstract

Background and Aims It is stated in many recent publications that nitrate () acts as a signal to regulate dry matter partitioning between the shoot and root of higher plants. Here we challenge this hypothesis and present evidence for the viewpoint that and other environmental effects on the shoot : root dry weight ratio (S:R) of higher plants are often related mechanistically to changes in shoot protein concentration. • Methods The literature on environmental effects on S:R is reviewed, focusing on relationships between S:R, growth and leaf and protein concentrations. A series of experiments carried out to test the proposal that S:R is dependent on shoot protein concentration is highlighted and new data are presented for tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum). • Key Results/Evidence Results from the literature and new data for tobacco show that S:R and leaf concentration are not significantly correlated over a range of environmental conditions. A mechanism involving the relative availability of C and N substrates for growth in shoots can explain how shoot protein concentration can influence shoot growth and hence root growth and S:R. Generally, results in the literature are compatible with the hypothesis that macronutrients, water, irradiance and CO2 affect S:R through changes in shoot protein concentration. In detailed studies on several species, including tobacco, a linear regression model incorporating leaf soluble protein concentration and plant dry weight could explain the greater proportion of the variation in S:R within and between treatments over a wide range of conditions. • Conclusions It is concluded that if can influence the S:R of higher plants, it does so only over a narrow range of conditions. Evidence is strong that environmental effects on S:R are often related mechanistically to their effects on shoot protein concentration.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Annals of Botany
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dry matter partitioning ; nitrate signalling ; nitrogen ; protein ; Nicotiana tabacum ; tobacco ; shoot ; root ratio
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 9343
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 16 Jul 2008 16:39
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 18:35
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/9343

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