Sigg, L. V. and Black, F. and Buffle, J. and Cao, J. and Cleven, R. and Davison, W. and Galceran, J. and Gunkel, P. and Kalis, E. and Kistler, D. and Michel, M. and Noel, S. and Nur, Y. and Odzak, N. and Puy, J. and Van Riemsdijk, W. and Temminghoff, W. and Tercier_Waeber, M.-L. and Toepperwien, S. and Town, R. M. and Unsworth, E. R. and Warnken, K. W. and Weng, L. and Xue, H. and Zhang, H. (2006) Comparison of Analytical Techniques for Dynamic Trace Metal Speciation in Natural Freshwaters. Environmental Science & Technology, 40 (6). pp. 1934-1941. ISSN 0013-936XFull text not available from this repository.
Measurements of trace metal species in situ in a softwater river, a hardwater lake, and a hardwater stream were compared to the equilibrium distribution of species calculated using two models, WHAM 6, incorporating humic ion binding model VI and visual MINTEQ incorporating NICA-Donnan. Diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) and voltammetry at a gel integrated microelectrode (GIME) were used to estimate dynamic species that are both labile and mobile. The Donnan membrane technique (DMT) and hollow fiber permeation liquid membrane (HFPLM) were used to measure free ion activities. Predictions of dominant metal species using the two models agreed reasonably well, even when colloidal oxide components were considered. Concentrations derived using GIME were generally lower than those from DGT, consistent with calculations of the lability criteria that take into account the smaller time window available for the flux to GIME. Model predictions of free ion activities generally did not agree with measurements, highlighting the need for further work and difficulties in obtaining appropriate input data.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Environmental Science & Technology|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences|
|Departments:||Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Linguistics & English Language|
Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
|Deposited By:||Ms Margaret Calder|
|Deposited On:||27 May 2008 16:23|
|Last Modified:||26 Jul 2012 18:32|
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