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Application of the QUILF thermobarometer to the peralkaline trachytes and pantellerites of the Eburru volcanic complex, East African Rift, Kenya.

Ren, Minghua and Omenda, Peter A. and Anthony, Elizabeth A. and White, John C. and MacDonald, Raymond and Bailey, D. K. (2006) Application of the QUILF thermobarometer to the peralkaline trachytes and pantellerites of the Eburru volcanic complex, East African Rift, Kenya. Lithos, 91 (1-4). pp. 109-124. ISSN 0024-4937

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Abstract

The Quaternary Eburru volcanic complex in the south-central Kenya Rift consists of pantelleritic trachytes and pantellerites. The phenocryst assemblage in the trachytes is sanidine + fayalite + ferrohedenbergite + aenigmatite ± quartz ± ilmenite ± magnetite ± pyrrhotite ± pyrite. In the pantellerites, the assemblage is sanidine + quartz + ferrohedenbergite + fayalite + aenigmatite + ferrorichterite + pyrrhotite ± apatite, although fayalite, ferrohedenbergite and ilmenite are absent from more evolved rocks (e.g. with SiO2 > 71%). QUILF temperature calculations for the trachytes range from 709 to 793 °C and for the pantellerites 668–708 °C, the latter temperatures being among the lowest recorded for peralkaline silicic magmas. The QUILF thermobarometer demonstrates that the Eburru magmas crystallized at relatively low oxidation states (ΔFMQ + 0.5 to − 1.6) for both trachytes and pantellerites. The trachytes and pantellerites evolved along separate liquid lines of descent, the trachytes possibly deriving from a more mafic parent by fractional crystallization and the pantellerites from extreme fractionation of comenditic magmas.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Lithos
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kenya ; Eburru volcanic complex ; Trachyte ; Pantellerite ; Peralkaline ; QUILF
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 9068
Deposited By: Ms Margaret Calder
Deposited On: 22 May 2008 12:22
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 18:31
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/9068

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