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Individual differences in children's memory and reading comprehension : an investigation of semantic and inhibitory deficits.

Cain, Kate (2006) Individual differences in children's memory and reading comprehension : an investigation of semantic and inhibitory deficits. Memory, 14 (5). 553 -569. ISSN 0965-8211

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Abstract

Three experiments compared the verbal memory skills of children with poor reading comprehension with that of same-age good comprehenders. The aims were to determine if semantic and/or inhibitory deficits explained comprehenders' problems on measures of verbal short-term memory and verbal working memory. In Experiment 1 there were no group differences on word- and number-based measures of short-term storage and no evidence that semantic knowledge mediated word recall. In Experiment 2 poor comprehenders were impaired on word- and number-based assessments of working memory, the greatest deficit found on the word-based task. Error analysis of both word-based tasks revealed that poor comprehenders were more likely to recall items that should have been inhibited than were good comprehenders. Experiment 3 extended this finding: Poor comprehenders were less able to inhibit information that was no longer relevant. Together, these findings suggest that individual differences in inhibitory processing influence the ability to regulate the contents of working memory, which may contribute to the differential memory performance of good and poor comprehenders.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Memory
Uncontrolled Keywords: Amnesia & Memory Disorders ; Cognitive Psychology ; Memory ; Neuropsychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 9040
Deposited By: Mrs Karen Gerrard
Deposited On: 21 May 2008 14:44
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2013 15:20
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/9040

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