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Stomatal control by chemical signalling and the exploitation of of this mechanism to increase water use efficiency in agriculture.

Davies, William J. and Wilkinson, Sally and Loveys, Brian (2002) Stomatal control by chemical signalling and the exploitation of of this mechanism to increase water use efficiency in agriculture. New Phytologist, 153 (3). pp. 449-460. ISSN 0028-646X

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Abstract

Stomatal behaviour of plants in drying soil can be regulated by (long distance) chemical signals that provide the shoot with some measure of water availability. Although much emphasis has been placed on the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) as a central component of the signalling process, soil drying will modify the delivery to the shoot of a range of potential chemical signals. Here we consider the role that changes in the xylem sap pH might play in determining the access that ABA has to sites of action on the guard cells. We also show how redistribution of inorganic ions between different compartments in the leaf (localized chemical signalling) can provide sensitive control of stomata and water loss in response to potentially damaging changes in leaf temperature. Partial root zone drying is an irrigation technique that has been developed to allow exploitation of the plant’s long distance signalling system. When the system is optimized, stomatal behaviour, shoot water status and leaf growth can be regulated such that water use efficiency (fruit yield/water used) can be significantly increased. We show how an understanding of the drought stress physiology of the whole plant can lead to substantial saving of irrigation water in agriculture.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: New Phytologist
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
VC's Office
ID Code: 8889
Deposited By: Prof William J Davies
Deposited On: 16 May 2008 13:13
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2013 21:12
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/8889

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