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Enhancement of 14C-phenanthrene mineralisation in the presence of plant-root biomass in PAH-NAPL amended soil

Vázquez-Cuevas, Gabriela M. and Stevens, Carly J. and Semple, Kirk T. (2018) Enhancement of 14C-phenanthrene mineralisation in the presence of plant-root biomass in PAH-NAPL amended soil. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 126. pp. 78-85. ISSN 0964-8305

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    Abstract

    Investigations into the beneficial effects of the interaction between plants and soil microorganisms towards bioremediation of contaminated soil has been studied over the past 30 years. This subject has been summarized as the process where organic contaminants can be removed from the soil through the interaction between roots and catabolic microbial populations. This study assessed the tolerance of different plant species against polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-non aqueous phase liquid (PAH-NAPL) contaminated soil and the feasibility of the use of their root biomass to promote the biodegradation of 14C-phenanthene. Toxicity results showed that seeds germination was not affected by the presence of PAHs. Furthermore, mineralisation of 14C-phenanthrene was significantly enhanced by the addition of root biomass after at least two weeks incubation. Moreover, bacterial numbers did not show a significant relationship with 14C-phenanthrene mineralisation. Results showed that the higher mineralisation of 14C-phenanthrene is not related to an increase on the microbial numbers as is normally assumed.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Journal or Publication Title: International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation
    Additional Information: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 126, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.ibiod.2017.09.021
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Plant-enhanced ; Mineralisation ; PAHs ; Diesel ; Roots ; NAPL
    Subjects:
    Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
    ID Code: 88401
    Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
    Deposited On: 17 Nov 2017 12:57
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 11 Apr 2018 04:01
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/88401

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