Lancaster EPrints

Oxygen effect for double-strand break induction determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.

Whitaker, Stephen J. and McMillan, Trevor J. (1992) Oxygen effect for double-strand break induction determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. International Journal of Radiation Biology, 61 (1). pp. 29-41. ISSN 1362-3095

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

The induction of DNA double-strand breaks (dsb) following irradiation under oxygenated and hypoxic conditions with and without misonidazole was measured by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) in a human bladder carcinoma cell line. The dose-response curve for DNA dsb detection by PFGE was biphasic with an apparent reduction in rate of dsb induced with dose. Oxygen enhancement ratios (OER) for cell survival (at a surviving fraction of 0·1) and for DNA damage assessed by PFGE (at 80% retained) were 2·0 and 3·0 respectively. Dose-modifying factors for misonidazole (15 mm), of 1·9 (survival) and 2·4 (DNA damage) were found. Although the magnitude of the inter-experiment variations limit the precision with which cell survival and DNA electrophoresis can be compared, the data do support a simple correlation between these two measures of response. When DNA dsb induction frequency was assessed from the number average molecular weight, values of 2·7 (±0·3), 0·7 (±0·1) and 2·6 (±0·5) × 10-9 dsb/bp/Gy were found for irradiation under oxic, hypoxic alone and hypoxic + misonidazole conditions respectively. This gives an OER of 3·9 and a DMF of 3·7.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
VC's Office
ID Code: 8740
Deposited By: Professor Trevor McMillan
Deposited On: 12 May 2008 16:08
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 18:26
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/8740

Actions (login required)

View Item