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Dissociating word frequency and age of acquisition: The Klein effect revived (and reversed).

Dewhurst, Stephen A. and Barry, Christopher (2006) Dissociating word frequency and age of acquisition: The Klein effect revived (and reversed). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 32 (4). pp. 919-924. ISSN 0278-7393

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    Abstract

    The Klein effect (G. S. Klein, 1964) refers to the finding that high-frequency words produce greater interference in a color-naming task than low-frequency words. The present study used the Klein effect to investigate the relationship between frequency and age of acquisition (AoA) by measuring their influence on color naming. Two experiments showed reliable effects of frequency (though in the opposite direction to that reported by Klein) but no effects of AoA. Experiment 1 produced a dissociation between frequency and AoA when manipulated orthogonally. Experiment 2 produced the same dissociation using different stimuli. In contrast, both variables reliably influenced word naming. These findings are inconsistent with the view that frequency and AoA are 2 aspects of a single underlying mechanism.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition
    Additional Information: (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved. "This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record."
    Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
    Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
    ID Code: 858
    Deposited By: Dr Steve Dewhurst
    Deposited On: 20 Dec 2007 09:58
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 18:24
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/858

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