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Passive-sampler derived air concentrations fo polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Kuwait

Gevao, Bondi and Al-Omair, Ali and Sweetman, Andy and Al-Ali, Lulwa and Al-Bahloul, Majed and Helaleh, Murad and Zafar, Jamal (2006) Passive-sampler derived air concentrations fo polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Kuwait. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25 (6). pp. 1496-1502. ISSN 0730-7268

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Abstract

The present study presents, to our knowledge, the first ambient air data for a range of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Kuwait. This was achieved by concurrently deploying polyurethane foam–disk passive samplers at 14 sites over a six-week period. Calculated mean Σ5PBDE concentrations (sum of brominated diphenyl ethers [BDEs] 47, 99, 100, 153, and 154) ranged from 2.5 to 32 pg/m3 of air, with BDE 47 contributing between 39 and 65% of the ΣPBDEs detected. Differences in relative concentrations were observed between sites, with higher concentrations measured close to suspected sources. Calculated ΣPAH concentrations ranged from 5 to 13 ng/m3 (mean, 8.3 ng/m3). The compound distribution was dominated by three- and four-ring compounds, which constituted approximately 90% of the ΣPAHs, with phenanthrene contributing approximately 35%. However, the proportion of five- and six-ring PAHs increased around the “oil lakes,” which were formed by the torching of oil wells during the 1991 Gulf War. The oil lakes are a reservoir of PAHs that will continue feeding the atmosphere as long as they remain untreated.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oil lakes ; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ; Polybrominated diphenyl ethers ; Passive samplers
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 8549
Deposited By: Ms Margaret Calder
Deposited On: 29 Apr 2008 12:39
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 18:24
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/8549

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