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Comprehension problems in children with specific language impairment: does mental imagery training help?

Joffe, V and Cain, K and Maric, N (2007) Comprehension problems in children with specific language impairment: does mental imagery training help? International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 42 (6). pp. 648-664. ISSN 1460-6984

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    Abstract

    Background. Children with specific language impairment (SLI) experience story comprehension deficits (Bishop and Adams, 1992; Botting and Adams, 2005; Norbury and Bishop, 2002). Research with typically developing children, poor comprehenders and poor readers have shown that the use of mental imagery aids comprehension of stories (Pressley, 1976; Gambrell and Bales, 1986; Oakhill and Patel, 1991). Aim. To evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention programme in the use of mental imagery to improve the literal and inferential comprehension of children with SLI. Methods and procedure. Nine children with SLI were trained to produce mental images for sentences and stories in five 30-minute sessions. Their ability to answer literal and inferential questions about short narratives was assessed pre- and post-intervention and compared to the performance of 16 same-age typically developing controls. Outcome and results. The intervention improved the question-answering performance of the children with SLI for both literal and inferential questions: the improvement was only significant for the literal questions. Conclusions and implications. The findings demonstrate that a relatively short intervention in the use of mental imagery is an effective way to boost the story comprehension of children with SLI.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders
    Additional Information: Please contact Kate Cain, k.cain@lancs.ac.uk, for the final pdf of this paper. The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 42 (6), 2007, © Informa Plc
    Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
    Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
    ID Code: 846
    Deposited By: Dr Kate Cain
    Deposited On: 14 Dec 2007 14:27
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 22:13
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/846

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