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The impact of greyscale inversion for nodule detection in an anthropomorphic chest phantom:a free-response observer study

Thompson, John D. and Thomas, Nigel B. and Manning, David and Hogg, Peter (2016) The impact of greyscale inversion for nodule detection in an anthropomorphic chest phantom:a free-response observer study. British Journal of Radiology, 89 (1064). ISSN 0007-1285

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to assess the impact of greyscale inversion on nodule detection on posteroanterior chest X-ray images. Previous work has attempted this, with no consensus opinion formed. We assessed the value of “fast-flicking” between standard and inverted display modes for nodule detection. METHODS: Six consultant radiologists (with 5–32 years' reporting experience) completed an observer task under the free-response paradigm. An anthropomorphic chest phantom was loaded with 50 different configurations of simulated nodules (1–4 nodules per case) measuring 5, 8, 10 and 12 mm in spherical diameter; each configuration represented a single case. In addition, 25 cases contained no nodules. Images were displayed in three modes: (i) standard, (ii) inverted and (iii) fast-flicking between standard and inverted display modes. Each observer completed the study in a different order of display (i, ii, iii) using a calibrated 5-megapixel monitor. Nodules were localized with mouse clicks and ratings assigned using a 1–10 discrete slider-bar confidence scale. Rjafroc (Pittsburgh, PA) was used for data analysis; differences in nodule detection performance were considered significant at 0.05. RESULTS: The observer-averaged weighted jackknife alternative free-response receiver-operating characteristic figures of merit were 0.715 (standard), 0.684 (inverted) and 0.717 (fast-flicking). Random-reader fixed-case analysis revealed no statistically significant difference between any treatment pair [F(2,8) = 1.22; p = 0.345]. CONCLUSION: No statistically significant difference in nodule detection was found for the three display conditions. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: We have investigated the impact of fast-flicking between standard and inverted display modes for the detection of nodules. We found no benefit.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: British Journal of Radiology
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine
ID Code: 83785
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 23 Dec 2016 09:20
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2017 08:27
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/83785

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