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The evacuation of children in wartime Scotland : culture, behaviour, and poverty.

Welshman, John and Stewart, John (2006) The evacuation of children in wartime Scotland : culture, behaviour, and poverty. Journal of Scottish Historical Studies, 26 (1-2). pp. 100-120. ISSN 1748-538X

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Abstract

This article examines the experience of, outcomes of, and lessons drawn from the evacuation of Scottish schoolchildren during the early part of the Second World War. We begin by discussing the historiography of evacuation in Great Britain. The focus then shifts to the particular circumstances of Scotland. Here the mechanisms of evacuation were different from elsewhere in Britain in that children were evacuated in family rather than school class groups. This difference was attributed by contemporaries to the particularity of Scottish education and educational structures. We then examine three influential responses to evacuation in Scotland. As we show the tendency here, in contrast to England, was to blame the purportedly poor state of the evacuees on structural rather than behavioural or individual factors. In other words, the socio-economic environment rather than personal failings was fore-grounded, although this is not to say that Scottish analyses entirely eschewed what were seen as individual shortcomings. We conclude by assessing what the Scottish experience adds to our knowledge of evacuation and the extent to which it confirms or refutes ‘revisionist’ interpretations; and what implications this experience had for the subsequent development of Scottish welfare provision.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Scottish Historical Studies
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > History
Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Applied Social Science
ID Code: 8330
Deposited By: Mr Richard Ingham
Deposited On: 18 Apr 2008 09:46
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2012 18:22
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/8330

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