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Cases of start-up financing : an analysis of new venture capitalisation structures and patterns

Atherton, Andrew (2012) Cases of start-up financing : an analysis of new venture capitalisation structures and patterns. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 18 (1). pp. 28-47. ISSN 1355-2554

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Abstract

Purpose: This paper seeks to understand the dynamics of new venture financing across 20 business start-ups. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 20 cases were explored, via initial discussions with the founder(s), and follow-up contact to confirm sources of financing acquired during new venture creation. This approach was adopted because of the challenges associated with acquiring full details of start-up financing, and in particular informal forms of new venture financing. Findings: Significant variation in, and scale of, new venture financing was identified. In multiple cases, funding patterns did not tally with established explanations of small business financing. Research limitations/implications: The primary limitation of the analysis is the focus on a small number of individual cases. Although this allowed for more detailed analysis, it does not make the findings applicable across the small business population as a whole. New ventures acquired very different forms of finance, and in different configurations or "bundles", so creating a wide range of start-up financing patterns and overall levels of capitalisation. This suggests that multiple factors influence founder decisions on start-up funding acquisition. It also indicates the wide divergence between highly capitalised and under-capitalised start-ups. Practical implications: Many of the new ventures were started with low levels of capitalisation, which as the literature suggests is a strong determinant of reduced prospects for survival. This suggests a possible "financing deficit", rather than gap, for a proportion of business start-ups. Originality/value: The paper provides an alternative methodology for considering new venture financing, and as a result concludes that standard, rational theories of small business financing may not always hold for new ventures.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research
Uncontrolled Keywords: Business formation ; Business start-up ; Entrepreneurship ; Financing ; New venture
Subjects:
Departments: VC's Office
Lancaster University Management School > Institute for Enterprise & Entrepeneurial Development (IEED)
ID Code: 76107
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 21 Oct 2015 06:05
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2017 02:20
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/76107

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