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CO2/O2 specificity factor of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase in grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.):first in vitro determination and comparison to in vivo estimations

Bota, J. and Flexas, J. and Keys, A. J. and Loveland, J. and Parry, M. A. J. and Medrano, H. (2002) CO2/O2 specificity factor of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase in grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.):first in vitro determination and comparison to in vivo estimations. Vitis, 41 (4). pp. 163-168. ISSN 0042-7500

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Abstract

The specificity factor (S) of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) defines the relative rates of carboxylation and oxygenation of Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) catalysed by the enzyme. The determination of S for Rubisco purified from the Vitis vinifera L. cvs Tempranillo and Manto Negro is described here for the first time. Rubisco extraction was made in Bicine buffer with the inclusion of polyethylene glycol (PEG), β-mercaptoethanol, diethyldithio-carbamic acid (DIECA) and several protease inhibitors. Furthermore, in the same cultivars, the apparent in vivo specificity factor for Rubisco (S*), was obtained from gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence measurements. For both cultivars the values of S were close to 100 at 25°C. However, in mature leaves, S* was about 67 for Manto Negro and 55 or 77 for Tempranillo, depending on leaf age. Leaves of plants under drought showed even lower values. These discrepancies between S and S* are ascribed to equating CO2 in the sub-stomatal cavity with CO2 at the Rubisco catalytic site in the chloroplast. However, S* values from young developing leaves were very close to S for both cultivars. It is concluded that estimations of S* based gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence data are reliable only in thin, young and non-stressed leaves.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Vitis
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drought ; Grapevine ; Leaf age ; Photosynthesis ; Rubisco specificity factor
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 76020
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 21 Oct 2015 06:03
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2017 12:55
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/76020

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