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Children at risk for developmental delay can be recognised by stunting, being underweight, ill health, little maternal schooling or high gravidity

Abubakar, Amina and Holding, Penny and Van de Vijver, Fons J. R. and Newton, Charles and Van Baar, Anneloes (2010) Children at risk for developmental delay can be recognised by stunting, being underweight, ill health, little maternal schooling or high gravidity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51 (6). pp. 652-659. ISSN 0021-9630

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Abstract

AIMS: To investigate markers of risk status that can be easily monitored in resource-limited settings for the identification of children in need of early developmental intervention. METHODS: Eighty-five children in Kilifi, Kenya, aged between 2 and 10 months at recruitment, were involved in a 10-month follow-up. Data on developmental outcome were collected through parental report using a locally developed checklist. We tested for the unique and combined influence of little maternal schooling and higher gravidity, anthropometric status (being underweight and stunting) and poor health on the level of developmental achievement and the rate of acquisition of developmental milestones. RESULTS: A model with all five predictors showed a good fit to the data (chi(2)(21, N = 85) = 23.00, p = .33). Maternal schooling and gravidity and child's stunting were found to predict the rate of developmental achievements (beta = .24, beta = .31, and beta = .41, respectively). Being underweight, ill-health, stunting and gravidity predicted initial developmental status (beta = -.26, beta = -.27, beta = -.43, and beta = -.27). CONCLUSIONS: Slow rates of developmental achievement can be predicted using these easy-to-administer measures and the strongest relationship with risk was based on a combination of all measures.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Developmental Disabilities ; Educational Status ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Gravidity ; Health Status ; Humans ; Infant ; Kenya ; Male ; Mothers ; Predictive Value of Tests ; Risk ; Thinness
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 71915
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 28 Nov 2014 12:52
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 06:19
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/71915

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