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Socio-cultural determinants of health-seeking behaviour on the Kenyan coast : a qualitative study

Abubakar, Amina and Van Baar, Anneloes and Fischer, Ronald and Bomu, Grace and Gona, Joseph K. and Newton, Charles R. (2013) Socio-cultural determinants of health-seeking behaviour on the Kenyan coast : a qualitative study. PLoS ONE, 8 (11). e71998. ISSN 1932-6203

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    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: Severe childhood illnesses present a major public health challenge for Africa, which is aggravated by a suboptimal response to the child's health problems with reference to the health-seeking behaviour of the parents or guardians. We examined the health-seeking behaviour of parents at the Kenyan coast because understanding impediments to optimal health-seeking behaviour could greatly contribute to reducing the impact of severe illness on children's growth and development. METHODS AND RESULTS: Health-seeking behaviour, and the factors influencing this behaviour, were examined in two traditional communities. We held in-depth interviews with 53 mothers, fathers and caregivers from two rural clinics at the Kenyan Coast. Biomedical medicine (from health facilities and purchased over the counter) was found to be the most popular first point of treatment. However, traditional healing still plays a salient role in the health care within these two communities. Traditional healers were consulted for various reasons: a) attribution of causation of ill-health to supernatural sources, b) chronic illness (inability of modern medicine to cure the problem) and c) as prevention against possible ill-health. In developing an explanatory model of decision-making, we observed that this was a complex process involving consultation at various levels, with elders, but also between both parents, depending on the perceived nature and chronicity of the illness. However, it was reported that fathers were the ultimate decision makers in relation to decisions concerning where the child would be taken for treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Health systems need to see traditional healing as a complementary system in order to ensure adequate access to health care. Importantly, fathers also need to be addressed in intervention and education programs.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
    Additional Information: © 2013 Abubakar et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult ; Aged ; Attitude to Health ; Female ; Humans ; Kenya ; Male ; Medicine, African Traditional ; Middle Aged ; Parents ; Rural Health ; Rural Health Services ; Socioeconomic Factors
    Subjects:
    Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
    ID Code: 71900
    Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
    Deposited On: 01 Dec 2014 10:29
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 19 Aug 2018 00:31
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/71900

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