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The trigger mechanism of low-frequency earthquakes on Montserrat.

Neuberg, Juergen W and Tuffen, Hugh and Collier, Lindsey and Green, David and Powell, Tanya and Dingwell, Donald B (2006) The trigger mechanism of low-frequency earthquakes on Montserrat. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 153. pp. 37-50. ISSN 0377-0273

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    A careful analysis of low-frequency seismic events on Soufrie`ere Hills volcano, Montserrat, points to a source mechanism that is non-destructive, repetitive, and has a stationary source location. By combining these seismological clues with new field evidence and numerical magma flow modelling, we propose a seismic trigger model which is based on brittle failure of magma in the glass transition. Loss of heat and gas from the magma results in a strong viscosity gradient across a dyke or conduit. This leads to a buildup of shear stress near the conduit wall where magma can rupture in a brittle manner, as field evidence from a rhyolitic dyke demonstrates. This brittle failure provides seismic energy, the majority of which is trapped in the conduit or dyke forming the lowfrequency coda of the observed seismic signal. The trigger source location marks the transition from ductile conduit flow to friction-controlled magma ascent. As the trigger mechanism is governed by the depth-dependent magma parameters, the source location remains fixed at a depth where the conditions allow brittle failure. This is reflected in the fixed seismic source locations.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Monserrat Volcanic Earthquake Trigger Magma Conduit Dome Lava Andesite Andesitic Soufriere Hills Tuffen Rupture Fracture Model Maxwell unrelaxed deformation glass transition shear pressure seismic seismicity volcano-seismicity brittle failure swarm swarms mechanism tuffisite stick-slip mount st helens unzen
    Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
    ID Code: 719
    Deposited By: Dr Hugh Tuffen
    Deposited On: 31 Oct 2007
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 24 May 2018 00:12
    Identification Number:

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