Lancaster EPrints

Simulation of soil organic carbon response at forest cultivation sequences using 13 C measurements

Gottschalk, Pia and Bellarby, Jessica and Chenu, Claire and Foereid, Bente and Smith, Pete and Wattenbach, Martin and Zingore, Shamie and Smith, Jo (2009) Simulation of soil organic carbon response at forest cultivation sequences using 13 C measurements. Organic Geochemistry, 41 (1). pp. 41-54. ISSN 0146-6380

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

When deforestation is followed by continuous arable cropping, a permanent decline of between 22% and 42% in the soil organic carbon (SOC) has been reported. This systematic loss of soil carbon (C) is mainly attributed to the loss of physically protected SOC. The Rothamsted Carbon model (RothC) does not include a description of the processes of physical protection of SOC and so losses of C during continuous cultivation of previously uncultivated land are not likely to be accurately simulated. Our results show that in the first years following deforestation, RothC does not capture the fast drop in forest derived soil C. However, the model does satisfactorily simulate the changes in SOC derived from the following crops. Uncertainty in input data and accounting for erosion, does not explain the underestimation of decomposition after deforestation by RothC. A simple approach to increase decomposition by multiplying rate constants is evaluated. This approach needs high multiplication rates and leads to an overestimation of plant input values to sustain SOC equilibrium levels. However, the ability of RothC to simulate changes in the forest derived SOC can be greatly improved with an implementation of a simple approach to account for SOC dynamics due to the loss of physically protected C. This approach implements a new soil carbon pool into RothC which represents the labile but protected carbon fraction which builds up under minimally disturbed land uses, and which loses its protection once the soil is disturbed. The new pool is calibrated using 13C natural abundance analysis in conjunction with soil fractionation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Organic Geochemistry
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 68747
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 28 Feb 2014 12:21
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2018 06:05
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/68747

Actions (login required)

View Item