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Socioeconomic measures in early old age as indicators of previous lifetime exposure to environmental health hazards

Berney, Lee and Blane, David and Smith, G. D. and Gunnell, D. J. and Holland, Paula and Montgomery, S. M. (2000) Socioeconomic measures in early old age as indicators of previous lifetime exposure to environmental health hazards. Sociology of Health and Illness, 22 (4). pp. 415-430. ISSN 0141-9889

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Abstract

The relationship between disadvantage in early old age and disadvantage earlier in life was investigated by collecting lifetime residential and occupational histories from 294 subjects aged between 63 and 78 years. Lifetime exposure scores, expressed as the age-adjusted number of years exposed to a range of health hazards, were calculated. Associations between these scores and six measures of socioeconomic position after retirement were examined. Compared with the more advantaged, the more disadvantaged on each post-retirement socioeconomic measure had higher lifetime exposure scores. Mutual adjustment showed that the Registrar General's (RG) social class, based on the person's own last main occupation, had the strongest association with previous hazard exposure. In the absence of the information required to assign an RG class status, receipt of state welfare benefits in early old age had the strongest association with previous hazard exposure for women, whilst for men, current tenure status was most strongly associated.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Sociology of Health and Illness
Uncontrolled Keywords: Boyd Orr ; health inequalities ; lifecourse ; socioeconomic measures
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 61365
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 07 Jan 2013 16:20
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 05:22
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/61365

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