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Xeroderma pigmentosum and trichothiodystrophy are associated with different mutations in the XPD (ERCC2) repair/transcription gene.

Taylor, Elaine M. and Broughton, B.C. and Botta, E. and Stefanini, M. and Sarasin, A. and Jaspers, N.G. and Fawcett, H. and Harcourt, S.A. and Arlett, C.F. and Lehmann, A.R. (1997) Xeroderma pigmentosum and trichothiodystrophy are associated with different mutations in the XPD (ERCC2) repair/transcription gene. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 94 (16). pp. 8658-8663. ISSN 0027-8424

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Abstract

The xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD) protein has a dual function, both in nucleotide excision repair of DNA damage and in basal transcription. Mutations in the XPD gene can result in three distinct clinical phenotypes, XP, trichothiodystrophy (TTD), and XP with Cockayne syndrome. To determine if the clinical phenotypes of XP and TTD can be attributed to the sites of the mutations, we have identified the mutations in a large group of TTD and XP-D patients. Most sites of mutations differed between XP and TTD, but there are three sites at which the same mutation is found in XP and TTD patients. Since the corresponding patients were all compound heterozygotes with different mutations in the two alleles, the alleles were tested separately in a yeast complementation assay. The mutations which are found in both XP and TTD patients behaved as null alleles, suggesting that the disease phenotype was determined by the other allele. If we eliminate the null mutations, the remaining mutagenic pattern is consistent with the site of the mutation determining the phenotype.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: nucleotide excision repair ; transcription factor TFIIH ; UV irradiation
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Medicine
ID Code: 60122
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 26 Nov 2012 14:25
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2013 10:58
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/60122

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