McEnery, A. M. and Xiao, R. Z. (2005) Character encoding in corpus construction. In: Developing Linguistic Corpora : A Guide to Good Practice. AHDS, Oxford, UK.
This chapter first briefly reviews the history of character encoding. Following from this is a discussion of standard and non-standard native encoding systems, and an evaluation of the efforts to unify these character codes. Then we move on to discuss Unicode as well as various Unicode Transformation Formats (UTFs). As a conclusion, we recommend that Unicode (UTF-8, to be precise) be used in corpus construction.
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