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Sources of BET

Ponsford, Dan and Hollmann, Willem and Siewierska, Anna (2013) Sources of BET. Functions of Language, 20 (1). pp. 90-124. ISSN 1569-9765

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    Abstract

    We investigate the sources of betting constructions, and specifically their predicates. The notion of risking something of value on an outcome is a complex one. Culturally, some degree of disposability of property is required. The concept is nevertheless lexicalized in many parts of the world. Betting takes various forms, ranging from betting between individuals, which we contend is the basic case, to betting in the context of an institution such as horse racing, cockfighting, lotteries, or on games such as card games. Taking a similar approach to Zalizniak (2008), we use polysemy as a means of investigating etymology. A sample of 271 polysemous predicates from 177 languages are surveyed, where one sense is BET. Treating relevant other senses as earlier senses, we find that the most frequent source concepts are ones that profile (in Langacker's 2008 sense) the relation between the bettor and the stake. The most frequent are SECURITY and PUT. Other important sources, profiling instead the relation between the bettors, are ARGUE, COMPETE and AGREE.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Functions of Language
    Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in the journal, Functions of Language All contents © John Benjamins 2012.The publisher should be contacted for permission to re-use the material in any form.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: betting ; polysemy ; semantic change ; lexicalisation
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
    Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Linguistics & English Language
    ID Code: 59608
    Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
    Deposited On: 29 Oct 2012 09:09
    Refereed?: Yes
    Published?: Published
    Last Modified: 06 Jun 2014 16:23
    Identification Number:
    URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/59608

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