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Word classes:towards a more comprehensive usage-based account

Hollmann, Willem (2012) Word classes:towards a more comprehensive usage-based account. Studies in Language, 36 (3). pp. 671-698. ISSN 0378-4177

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Abstract

Structuralists and generativists define word classes distributionally (Palmer 1971, Baker 2003, Aarts 2007), while cognitive linguists take a semantic (Langacker 1987a) or semantic-pragmatic approach (Croft 1991, 2001). Psycholinguistic research, by contrast, has shown that phonological properties also play a role (Kelly 1992, Monaghan et al. 2005). This study reports on a production experiment involving English nonce nouns and verbs. The data confirm the importance of phonology, whilst also suggesting that distributional facts are involved in lexical categorisation. Together with the existing psycholinguistic evidence, the results show that both the generative and cognitive models of word classes are too restricted. However, the usage-based model can accommodate the facts straightforwardly. This was already anticipated by Taylor (2002) but is worked out in more detail here by elaborating on his notion of phonological “subschemas” and by bringing together insights from Croft (1991, 2001) related to discourse propositional act constructions and recent suggestions by Langacker (2008b) concerning “summary scanning” and “sequential scanning”.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Studies in Language
Additional Information: Uploaded document are the first uncorrected proofs. The page nrs. do not match the ones given above as the pagination of the volume has changed.
Uncontrolled Keywords: word classes ; cognitive linguistics ; psycholinguistics ; phonology ; distribution
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Linguistics & English Language
ID Code: 59607
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 29 Oct 2012 09:31
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2013 17:37
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/59607

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