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Thermal and microstructural aspects of the laser direct metal deposition of waspaloy

Pinkerton, Andrew J. and Karadge, Mallikarjun and Syed, Waheed Ul Haq and Li, Lin (2006) Thermal and microstructural aspects of the laser direct metal deposition of waspaloy. Journal of laser applications, 18 (3). pp. 216-226. ISSN 1042-346X

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Abstract

A potential problem in applying the laser direct metal deposition (LDMD) technique to the fabrication of superalloys is the possibility of an inconsistent microstructure and gamma-prime constituency throughout a component. Understanding the causes for these inconsistencies is a crucial step towards eliminating it and facilitating widespread application of the technique. This article uses thermocouple and pyrometric thermal monitoring of the LDMD process and optical metallographic, scanning electron microscope, and electron backscattered diffraction analyses of components built from Waspaloy to correlate LDMD process parameters and final part microstructural characteristics. Temperatures in thin wall structures show a good match to classical Rosenthal heat flow models. The Waspaloy grain morphology and orientation are found to be sensitive to LDMD power and powder mass flow rate parameters, with columnar grains forming preferentially at lower powder mass flow rates. Results cannot be explained purely in terms of established maps that relate microstructure to temperature gradient at the solidification front and its velocity. This leads to the conclusion that intra melt pool factors such as local fluctuations in temperature gradients and changes in nucleation density are significant. (c) 2006 Laser Institute of America.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of laser applications
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Engineering
ID Code: 59523
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 08 Nov 2012 11:52
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2014 00:16
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/59523

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