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Globally Aum:the Aum affair, counterterrorism and religion

Reader, Ian (2012) Globally Aum:the Aum affair, counterterrorism and religion. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, 39 (1). pp. 177-196.

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Abstract

Aum’s activities have had a global impact on counterterrorism thinking. Its use of chemical and biological weapons caught the attention of policy makers and security forces globally, and Aum became a seminal influence on the way security and government agencies, especially in the United States, conceptualized the future of terrorism to be chemical, religious, and apocalyptic in nature. Such perceptions conditioned counterterrorism policies in the years prior to 11 September 2001, and strategic studies specialists now debate whether this led the usa in particular to underestimate threats from other more conventional modes of terrorist violence. Even after 9/11, Aum continues to feature in counterterrorism discourses and military training manuals, and continues to represent, for security services and policy makers, the “public face” of chemical and biologically oriented terrorism. This article examines these issues and shows how the Aum Affair was not simply restricted to Japan but had a global impact and profile.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Japanese Journal of Religious Studies
Uncontrolled Keywords: chemical and biological weapons (cbw) ; global security ; Al Qaeda ; counterterrorism policies ; us government
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Politics & International Relations (Merged into PPR 2010-08-01)
ID Code: 59300
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 17 Oct 2012 16:09
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2012 15:12
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/59300

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