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Ellenberg N value, tissue chemistry and soil chemistry 15 years after the cessation of nitrogen addition

Stevens, Carly and Mountford, J.O. and Bardgett, Richard and Gowing, D. J. G. (2012) Ellenberg N value, tissue chemistry and soil chemistry 15 years after the cessation of nitrogen addition. Plant and Soil, 357 (1-2). pp. 309-319. ISSN 0032-079X

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Abstract

Background & Aims The consequences of fertiliser addition to semi-natural grasslands are well understood, but much less is known about the consequences of cessation of nitrogen fertiliser regimes, including rates of recovery. This study aimed to investigate whether the effects of nitrogen (N) additions to a mesotrophic grassland were still apparent 15 years after the cessation of N inputs. Methods A long-term experiment at Tadham Moor, UK, received N additions at rates of 0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 kg N ha−1 yr−1 between 1986 and 1994. Fifteen years after the cessation of N additions soil chemistry, plant tissue chemistry, plant biomass and Ellenberg N values were assessed. Results KCl-extractable ammonium-N, total soil N, total organic carbon and microbial biomass N differed between the controls and the higher historic levels of N addition. Plant tissue chemistry showed no significant effects of previous N addition. Above-ground biomass was higher where N had been added, although this response was only weakly significant. The species composition of the vegetation showed effects of the N addition with mean Ellenberg N values significantly higher than the control in most treatments. Conclusion The effects of long-term N addition can be seen for many years.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Plant and Soil
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon ; Nitrogen ; Mesotrophic grassland ; Plant tissue chemistry ; Recovery ; Soil chemistry
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 58770
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 02 Oct 2012 15:11
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2013 08:42
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/58770

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