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Innovation and spatial inequality in Europe and United States

Lee, Neil and Rodriguez-Pose, Andres (2013) Innovation and spatial inequality in Europe and United States. Journal of Economic Geography, 13 (1). pp. 1-22. ISSN 1468-2710

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Abstract

Innovation is a crucial driver of urban and regional economic success. Innovative cities and regions tend to grow faster and have higher average wages. Little research, however, has considered the potential negative consequences: as a small body of innovators gain relative to others, innovation may lead to inequality. The evidence on this point is fragmented, based on cross-sectional evidence on skill premia rather than overall levels of inequality. This article provides the first comparative evidence on the link between innovation and inequality in a continental perspective. Using micro data from population surveys for European regions and US cities, the article finds, after controlling for other potential factors, good evidence of a link between innovation and inequality in European regions, but only limited evidence of such a relationship in USA. Less-flexible labour markets and lower levels of migration seem to be at the root of the stronger association between innovation and income inequality in Europe than in USA.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Economic Geography
Uncontrolled Keywords: Innovation ; Inequality ; European Union ; USA ; Cities ; Regions
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Departments: UNSPECIFIED
ID Code: 58408
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 18 Sep 2012 12:38
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2013 09:04
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/58408

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