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Auditory-visual interaction in the generation of saccades in man

Lueck, C J and Crawford, Trevor and Savage, C J and Kennard, C (1990) Auditory-visual interaction in the generation of saccades in man. Experimental Brain Research, 82 (1). pp. 149-157. ISSN 0014-4819

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Abstract

Four normal human subjects were investigated for evidence of auditory-visual interaction in the generation of horizontal saccades. In a first experiment it was shown that the mean amplitudes of initial saccades from primary position to auditory targets were significantly affected by the simultaneous occurrence of a distracting visual stimulus. If both auditory and visual stimuli were in the same hemifield, the mean amplitude of initial saccades to a fixed buzzer position was consistently increased or decreased depending on the position of the visual stimulus. The phenomenon is felt to be analogous to the "centre-of-gravity" effect previously described for two simultaneous visual stimuli. It did not occur if visual and auditory stimuli were in opposite hemifields when a simultaneous visual stimulus caused a slight reduction of mean initial saccadic amplitude compared to the mean amplitude to buzzer alone. In this case the reduction was independent of visual stimulus position. Similar effects were seen for mean final eye positions. In a second experiment, a similar procedure was carried out, but the eyes started by looking at a point at 15 degrees eccentricity. The same pattern of auditory-visual interaction was obtained in both experiments, consistent with the concept of eye-movement related movement of modality-specific sensory "maps" which has recently been shown to occur in the superior colliculus of primates.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Experimental Brain Research
Uncontrolled Keywords: Saccades ; Topographic maps ; Superior colliculus ; Auditory-visual interaction ; Man
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 58355
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 23 Oct 2012 15:12
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2012 15:12
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/58355

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