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The Specificity of Inhibitory Impairments in Autism and Their Relation to ADHD-Type Symptoms

Sanderson, Charlotte and Allen, Melissa (2013) The Specificity of Inhibitory Impairments in Autism and Their Relation to ADHD-Type Symptoms. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43 (5). pp. 1065-1079. ISSN 0162-3257

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Abstract

Findings on inhibitory control in autism have been inconsistent. This is perhaps a reflection of the different tasks that have been used. Children with autism (CWA) and typically developing controls, matched for verbal and non-verbal mental age, completed three tasks of inhibition, each representing different inhibitory subcomponents: Go/No-Go (delay inhibition), Dog-Pig Stroop (conflict inhibition), and a Flanker task (resistance to distractor inhibition). Behavioural ratings of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity were also obtained, as a possible source of heterogeneity in inhibitory ability. CWA were only impaired on the conflict inhibition task, suggesting that inhibitory difficulty is not a core executive deficit in autism. Symptoms of inattention were related to conflict task performance, and thus may be an important predictor of inhibitory heterogeneity.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autism ; Inhibition ; ADHD ; Executive function
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 58289
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 12 Sep 2012 16:25
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2013 15:24
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/58289

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