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Inhibition in goal systems:a retrieval-induced forgetting account

McCulloch, Kathleen Cameron and Aarts, Henk and Fujita, Kentaro and Bargh, John A. (2008) Inhibition in goal systems:a retrieval-induced forgetting account. Journal of experimental social psychology, 44 (3). pp. 857-865. ISSN 0022-1031

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Abstract

In social psychological models of goals, particular means or goals that receive more activation are pursued while their counterparts are "inhibited." To account for inhibition, these theories emphasize structural distribution of resources and the consequences of goal or means choices. Absent are alternate accounts of inhibition based on memory processes that rely on retrieval or recall of items. We propose that the act of recalling means or goals from memory entails inhibition of competing alternatives. Two experiments using repeated retrieval paradigms present evidence that recalling one means associated with a particular goal inhibits competing means. Moreover, this inhibitory mechanism is sensitive to the structural relationship of goals and means. Implications for models of inhibition in goal pursuit are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of experimental social psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Retrieval-induced forgetting ; Inhibition ; Goal structure ; Goal pursuit ; Self-regulation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 57710
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 21 Aug 2012 11:08
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2013 10:25
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/57710

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