Anderson, Michael C. and McCulloch, Kathleen C. (1999) Integration as a general boundary condition on retrieval-induced forgetting. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 25 (3). pp. 608-629. ISSN 0278-7393Full text not available from this repository.
When people form connections between several memories that share a common retrieval cue, the tendency for those memories to interfere with one another during later retrieval attempts is often eliminated. Three experiments examined whether forming such connections might also protect memories from retrieval-induced forgetting, the phenomenon in which retrieving some associates of a cue leads to the suppression of others that interfere during retrieval (M. C. Anderson, E. L. Bjork, & R. A. Bjork, 1994). All 3 experiments found that instructing subjects to interrelate category exemplars during an initial study phase reduced retrieval-induced forgetting. Postexperimental questionnaires indicated that even when people were not instructed to interrelate exemplars, they often did so spontaneously and that this spontaneous integration also protected people from impairment. These findings, together with others obtained in different experimental settings, suggest that complex knowledge structures composed of highly interconnected components may be especially resistant to retrieval-induced forgetting.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Departments:||Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology|
|Deposited On:||16 Oct 2012 09:48|
|Last Modified:||10 Apr 2014 00:02|
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