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Increasing and decreasing motor and cognitive output: A model of general action and inaction goals

Albarracin, Dolores and Handley, Ian M. and Noguchi, Kenji and McCulloch, Kathleen C. and Li, Hong and Leeper, Joshua and Brown, Rick D. and Earl, Allison and Hart, William P. (2008) Increasing and decreasing motor and cognitive output: A model of general action and inaction goals. Journal of personality and social psychology, 95 (3). pp. 510-523. ISSN 0022-3514

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Abstract

General action and inaction goals can influence the amount of motor or cognitive output irrespective of the type of behavior in question, with the same stimuli producing trivial and important motor and cognitive manifestations normally viewed as parts of different systems. A series of experiments examined the effects of instilling general action and inaction goals using word primes, such as "action" and "rest." The first 5 experiments showed that the same stimuli influenced motor output, such as doodling on a piece of paper and eating, as well as cognitive output, such as recall and problem solving. The last 2 experiments supported the prediction that these diverse effects can result from the instigation of general action and inaction goals. Specifically, these last 2 studies confirmed that participants were motivated to achieve active or inactive states and that attaining them decreased the effects of the primes on behavior.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of personality and social psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Psychology
ID Code: 57704
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 21 Aug 2012 11:25
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2014 00:01
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/57704

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