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The Significance of Difference: Understanding Variation in Household Energy Consumption

Morley, Janine and Hazas, Michael (2011) The Significance of Difference: Understanding Variation in Household Energy Consumption. In: eceee proceedings 2011 Summer Study. eceee, pp. 2037-2046.

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Abstract

Studies of energy use at the household level show a large degree of variability in consumption that cannot be entirely explained by infrastructural differences. For example, families living in identically-designed homes use strikingly different amounts of energy. These findings were responsible for highlighting the influential role of the occupant in energy demand some thirty years ago. The extent of this variability also implies that there are no “typical” energy-using households within a society. This paper reviews evidence of the variability in domestic energy consumption and presents data from student apartments in a UK university where both the infrastructure and the number of occupants are comparable. As expected, the variability in consumption is less in this homogeneous sample than previously reported in heterogeneous samples of households. Nonetheless, there is variation, particularly in electricity consumption, that can only be explained by reference to some kind of occupantrelated feature(s). Further qualitative enquiry explores the idea that this difference arises from the practices of the occupants. It is clear that practices do vary between households. This paper develops hypotheses regarding the resulting differences in energy use. To explore these hypotheses, detailed micro-level consumption data is required. But this is difficult data to gather empirically and is not available here, nor widely reported in the literature. However, a framework based on practices could provide a cross-cutting and meaningful structure to relate details of micro-variations to macro-level understanding of the dynamics of energy demand in a society. In this way, analysis based on a practice theory perspective offers much potential to understand and interpret the variation in domestic energy consumption. In particular, it challenges any view that such difference, as it currently exists, is due to idiosyncrasies of individual behaviour.

Item Type: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy use ; Household ; Practices ; Variation ; socio-technical ; energy behaviour ; interaction ; consumption dynamics ; demand patterns ; domestic energy ; electricity use ; households ; end-use consumption ; practice theory
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > School of Computing & Communications
ID Code: 57553
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 16 Aug 2012 15:21
Refereed?: No
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2013 09:39
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/57553

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