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Proximity-Induced Subgaps in Andreev Billiard.

Cserti, J. and Kormanyos, A. and Kaufmann, Z. and Koltai, J. and Lambert, C. J. (2002) Proximity-Induced Subgaps in Andreev Billiard. Physical Review Letters, 89 (5). 057001.

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Abstract

We examine the density of states of an Andreev billiard and show that any billiard with a finite upper cutoff in the path length distribution P(s) will possess an energy gap on the scale of the Thouless energy. An exact quantum mechanical calculation for different Andreev billiards gives good agreement with the semiclassical predictions when the energy dependent phase shift for Andreev reflections is properly taken into account. Based on this new semiclassical Bohr-Sommerfeld approximation of the density of states, we derive a simple formula for the energy gap. We show that the energy gap, in units of Thouless energy, may exceed the value predicted earlier from random matrix theory for chaotic billiards.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Physical Review Letters
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics
ID Code: 573
Deposited By: Prof Colin J. Lambert
Deposited On: 04 Jul 2007
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 22:08
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/573

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