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The effect of competition from neighbours on stomatal conductance in lettuce and tomato plants

Vysotskaya, Lidiya and Wilkinson, Sally and Davies, William J. and Arkhipova, Tatyana and Kudoyarova, Guzel (2011) The effect of competition from neighbours on stomatal conductance in lettuce and tomato plants. Plant, Cell and Environment, 34 (5). pp. 729-737. ISSN 0140-7791

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Abstract

Competition decreased transpiration from young lettuce plants after 2 days, before any reductions in leaf area became apparent, and stomatal conductance (g(s)) of lettuce and tomato plants was also reduced. Stomatal closure was not due to hydraulic signals or competition for nutrients, as soil water content, leaf water status and leaf nitrate concentrations were unaffected by neighbours. Competition-induced stomatal closure was absent in an abscisic acid (ABA)-deficient tomato mutant, flacca, indicating a fundamental involvement of ABA. Although tomato xylem sap ABA concentrations were unaffected by the presence of neighbours, ABA/pH-based stomatal modulation is still likely to underlie the response to competition, as soil and xylem sap alkalization was observed in competing plants. Competition also modulated leaf ethylene production, and treatment of lettuce plants with an ethylene perception inhibitor (1-methylcyclopropene) diminished the difference in g(s) between single and competing plants grown in a controlled environment room, but increased it in plants grown in the greenhouse: ethylene altered the extent of the stomatal response to competition. Effects of competition on g(s) are discussed in terms of the detection of the absence of neighbours: increases in g(s) and carbon fixation may allow faster initial space occupancy within an emerging community/crop.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Plant, Cell and Environment
Uncontrolled Keywords: abscisic acid (ABA) ; chemical signalling ; competition ; ethylene ; pH ; stomatal conductance ; transpiration
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 56470
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 06 Aug 2012 11:48
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2013 01:12
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/56470

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