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End-of-life care and circumstances of death in patients dying as a result of cancer in Belgium and the Netherlands:a retrospective comparative study

Meeussen, Koen and Van den Block, Lieve and Echteld, Michael A and Boffin, Nicole and Bilsen, Johan and Van Casteren, Viviane and Abarshi, Ebun and Donker, Gé and Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje and Deliens, Luc (2011) End-of-life care and circumstances of death in patients dying as a result of cancer in Belgium and the Netherlands:a retrospective comparative study. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 29 (32). pp. 4327-4334. ISSN 1527-7755

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Abstract

Purpose To examine and compare end-of-life care in patients with cancer dying in Belgium and the Netherlands. Patients and Methods A mortality follow-back study was undertaken in 2008 via representative nationwide sentinel networks of general practitioners (GPs) in Belgium and the Netherlands. By using similar standardized procedures, GPs reported on aspects of end-of-life care and the circumstances of nonsudden death of patients with cancer in their practice. Results Of the 422 reported patients with cancer, most resided at home during the last year of life (Belgium, 91%; the Netherlands, 95%). Death occurred at home in 34% (Belgium) and 61% (the Netherlands) and in the hospital in 29% (Belgium) and 19% (the Netherlands). In the last month of life, end-of-life issues were more often discussed in the Netherlands (88%) than in Belgium (68%). In both countries, physical problems were discussed most often (Belgium, 49%; the Netherlands, 78%) and spiritual issues least often (Belgium, 20%; the Netherlands, 32%). Certain end-of-life treatment preferences were known for 43% (Belgium) and 67% (the Netherlands) of patients. In the last week of life, treatment was most often focused on palliation (Belgium, 94%; the Netherlands, 91%). Physical distress was reported in 84% (Belgium) and 76% (the Netherlands) of patients and psychological distress in 59% and 36%. Most distressing was lack of energy (Belgium, 73%; the Netherlands, 71%) and lack of appetite (Belgium, 61%; the Netherlands, 53%). Two thirds of patients were bedridden (Belgium, 67%; the Netherlands, 69%). Conclusion Although place of death and communication about end-of-life issues differ substantially, a palliative treatment goal is adopted for the vast majority of patients in both countries. However, GPs reported that the majority of patients experienced symptom distress at the end of life, which suggests important challenges remain for improving end-of-life care.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 56328
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 30 Jul 2012 09:59
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 23:53
Identification Number:
URI: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/56328

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